Composting is an important component of a healthy garden that should be incorporated into every home landscape. Composting allows you to transform organic matter into humus, which nourishes your plants and soil. Composting is not about just throwing away food waste and kitchen scraps — it’s about making the best use of what would otherwise go to the landfill.
In addition to tackling the problem of food waste, incorporating compost into your home landscape helps keep your garden soil healthy and maintain its natural balance. It is also important to integrate composting in your home landscape so that you can create microorganisms-rich compost which will naturally improve soil structure and pH balance.
This will also reduce the number of chemicals you need to use in your garden as well as help protect against potentially harmful insects, weeds, and diseases. Keep reading to learn more about how composting can be used in your home garden and get started today!
What is composting?
Composting is the process of transforming waste materials like food scraps, green waste, and leaves into a nutrient-rich soil amendment. In this process, microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, break down the organic matter. The microorganisms work together to process the waste and produce a rich fertilizer that will help your plants grow.
Food scraps, like the leftover vegetables from your meals, are a great source of food for the microorganisms in a compost pile. The microorganisms in your compost pile will use the scraps to produce a nutritious and potent soil amendment.
There are different ways to make compost. One of the easiest methods is to simply mix your kitchen scraps and other organic waste with some soil in a compost pile. The microbes will process the scraps and produce a nutrient-rich soil amendment which will supply nutrients to your plants.
Why is composting important?
Composting is one of the most important things a gardener can do. Composting allows you to turn scraps, food waste and leaves from your meals into a nutrient-rich soil amendment. This allows you to reduce your dependence on synthetic fertilizers, which are often derived from crude oil and are often harmful to the environment and human health. When you compost, you are creating a living microorganism-rich soil amendment. By using compost in your garden, you are adding beneficial bacteria, fungi, and microorganisms that will help your plants grow.
Benefits of using compost
– Enhances soil structure – Composting increases the amount of soil organic matter in your garden by breaking down organic matter. This process leads to an increase in the amount of soil organic matter, which improves soil structure. Proper soil structure allows water to percolate easily through the soil, which means your plants get more water – Lessens the need for chemical pesticides – When you compost your organic waste, you create a rich source of microbial inoculants that help break down the waste, making it less likely that you will need to use pesticides on your plants.
What materials can be used in a compost pile?
- Food scraps – Tomato peels, apple cores, and other leftover scraps are great to add to your compost pile. Be sure to remove any seeds or rotten parts before adding them to your compost pile.
- Green waste – Any leaves that fall from your plant will make a great addition to your compost pile. You can use shredded leaves from your landscape, such as those from your lawn or garden, as well as leaves from trees and bushes on your property.
- Manure – Manure is another great source of valuable microbes. Find a local farmer who offers manure for sale and add it to your compost pile.
How to make your backyard compost
Many different methods can be used to create a compost pile in your backyard. Some of the most common methods include mixing your waste with an aerating method (such as turning or drawing), as well as adding water, a third material, and a heat source. The method that you choose is up to you, as long as it is safe and compliant with local laws.
If you choose to aerate your compost, you will want to use an aerating device that is not powered by an engine. You will also want to ensure that the material you are using is not too dense for the composting process. Too much organic material, such as leaves, can make it difficult for microorganisms to break down the material.
A step-by-step guide to making your backyard Compost Pile
- Decide where to place your compost pile. Make sure that the area that you choose is out of the way and away from your house. Ideally, you will want the compost pile to be out of sight, but still close enough that you can reach it easily. So, if you have a large backyard, you may want to use the side of the house that is not visible from the street or sidewalk.
- Turn the soil. As you turn the soil in your garden bed, you are adding organic matter to your soil. This will help to make it easier for the microorganisms to break down the material and make it available for your compost pile.
- Turn the compost pile. Next, turn the compost pile so that the original soil is facing down in the middle of your garden bed. This will help mix the contents of the compost pile and allow for the microorganisms to break down the materials.
- Add materials to the compost pile. Once the compost pile is situated in the middle of your garden bed, you can begin to add your organic waste. You can add any type of organic waste, such as vegetable and fruit scraps, leaves, grass clippings, and so on.
- Add water to the compost pile. Next, add water to the compost pile so that it is approximately the same depth in all of the beds. This will help to mix the materials and create an even mix of materials.
- Add a third material to the compost pile. To finish off your compost, add a third material to the compost pile. This can be any material that is not organic, such as sand or an earth conditioner, as long as it is non-organic.
At the end of the day, the best thing that you can do for your garden is to ensure that you are keeping your soil healthy. By adding compost to your soil, you are making it easier for the microorganisms to break down and turn the soil into healthy and rich soil. In addition to adding compost to your soil, you can also add a layer of compost to your beds to help ensure that your soil stays as healthy as possible.